Wednesday, April 15, 2015

Zilla spinosa

Kingdom:     Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Brassicales
Family: Brassicaceae

Division: Angiospermae
Class: Dicotyledoneae
Subclass: Archichlamydeae
Order: Papaverales
Family: Cruciferae

Latin (Botanical) name: Zilla spinosa (Turra) Prantl.

Family: Cruciferae, Brassicaceae

Common name: Zilla, Silla, Sillet, Besilla, Basilla, Shagaret el-hommoos, Ommo, Hommoos.

Origin: Egypt

Plant description:

CRUCIFERAE A. Juss. Pod short and broad, oblong-rounded. Pod not or inconspicuously compressed. (For shortly cylindrical pods with seeds in 2 parallel rows, see under Pod long and narrow, genera 4, 9, 10.). Pod globose, ovoid or pear-shaped. Pod beaked. Spiny desert shrub with pink flowers ZILLA Forssk. Spiny desert shrubs with pink or purple flowers. Pod indehiscent, globose or square, with a long subulate spinescent beak.

Pod not cube-shaped under the spiny style with a deep groove surrounded by a corky margin on each of the 4 lateral faces.

ZILLA SPINOSA (Turra) Prantl (= ZILLA MYAGROIDES Forssk.) : Blue-green, dichotomously branched plant with stiff spinescent branches and soon deciduous fleshy leaves. Plant typically 50-60 cm. high with 8-10 mm. broad pods. (Frut.). In rocky and sandy places. – In Upper Egypt an annual form of this species is sometimes met with.

v. microcarpa Dur. & Sch. : 10-20 cm. high, pod smaller.

Source: STUDENTS’ FLORA OF EGYPT second edition, by VIVI TÄCKHOLM, D. Sc. (Stockholm) Professor of Systematic Botany, Faculty of Science, Cairo University. Published by Cairo University. Printed by COOPERATIVE PRINTING COMPANY Beirut, 1974.

Propagation: Fruits (seeds), shrub in Upper Egypt.

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