Sunday, March 15, 2015


Division: Angiospermae
Class: Dicotyledoneae
Subclass: Archichlamydeae
Order: Geraniales
Family: Zygophyllaceae

 Latin (Botanical - Species) name: Zygophyllum coccineum L.

Family: Zygophyllaceae

Common name: Zygophyllum, R’utrit, Ratrayt, Rotreyt

Origin: Egypt

Plant description:

ZYGOPHYLLACEAE R. Br. Stipules not spiny. Fruit unarmed. Leaves simple or 2-3-foliolate, capsule 5-valved. Leaves terete, if flattened, 2-foliolate. ZYGOPHYLLUM L. Usually desert plants with cylindrical or ovoid, rarely flattened fleshy leaves. Flowers white, pinkish or yellow. Stamens 8-10 with 1-2 scale-like appendages at the base of each filament. Capsule 5-valved, angled or winged. Shrubby plants with compound leaves. Leaflets terete. Peduncle as long as or longer than flower and capsule, leaves green glabrous. Capsule + or – cylindrical, wingless. Capsule about 10 mm. long and 5 mm. broad. ZYGOPHYLLUM COCCINEUM L.: Shrub, up to 75 cm. Leaflets 2, bright green, glabrous, cylindrical, at least 10 mm. long. Capsule 8-10 mm. long, apex obtuse. (Frut.)

Source: STUDENTS’ FLORA OF EGYPT second edition, by VIVI TÄCKHOLM, D. Sc. (Stockholm) Professor of Systematic Botany, Faculty of Science, Cairo University. Published by Cairo University. Printed by COOPERATIVE PRINTING COMPANY Beirut, 1974.

Propagation: Fruits (seeds), shrub in Upper Egypt.


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